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Psoriasis

Psoriasis is an autoimmune skin condition that causes raised, scaly patches on skin.

Causes vitiation of pitta and kapha.

Depending on symptoms and vitiated dosha panchakarma is planned.

Panchakarma control spreading and severity of the skin lesions.

  •  Vamana

  • Virechana

    To balance vitiated doshas and to remove toxins from the body.

 shirodhara- to reduce stress

Three common factors are

  •  Environmental

  •  Genetic

  •  Immunologic factors

  • Most common sites are on the knees, elbows, trunk and scalp. This condition tends to go through cycles, flaring for a few weeks to months, then subsiding for a while.
  • Symptoms:

  •  Rashes that vary in color, tending to be shades of purple with gray scale on brown or black skin and pink or red with silver scale on white skin.
  •  A patchy rash that varies widely in how it looks from person to person, ranging from spots of dandruff like scaling to major eruptions over much of the body.
  •  Dry cracked, skin that may bleed.
  •  Itching, burning sensation.
  •  Use of antimalarial drug.
  •  Conjunctivitis
  • scaly plaques on scalp may occur
  •  psoriasis in the fingernails, toenails.
  • Causes discoloration, the nails may become brittle, and detach from the nail bed.

Types of Psoriasis, each varies in its signs and symptoms

  •  plaque psoriasis

  • The most common type of psoriasis. It causes dry, itchy, raised skin patches covered with scales.

  • Common site is on the elbows, knees, Lowe back and scalp.

  •  Nail psoriasis

  • Psoriasis affects fingernails, toenails, cause pitting, brittle and discoloration of nail.

  • Guttate psoriasis

  • Affects young adults and children, usually triggered by bacterial infection small, drop shaped, scaling spots on trunk, arm and legs.

  • Pustular psoriasis

  • A rare type causes clearly defined pus-filled blister on palms or soles.

  • Erythrodermic psoriasis

  • This can cover the entire body with a peeling each that can itch or burning sensation.

  •  Scalp psoriasis

  • It involves the scalp areas, scaly like formation.

  • psoriatic Arthritis

  • It affects hands, feet and sometimes joints.

  •  Do's:

  • Exercise in morning sunlight and fresh air.

  •  Intake of fresh fruits

  • and Vegetables.

  •  Skin should be kept clean always.

  •  Vit E intake

  •  Yoga, pranayama, meditation to relieve stress, and for sound sleep.

  • Don'ts:

  • Milk, butter, egg and fish intake.

  •  Refined foods

  •  White sugar

  • Frequent bathing

  •  Citrus fruits

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MELASMA

  • Melasma is the pigmentation of the skin, that causes brown or gray patches to appear on the skin, predominantly on face, that appears on sun exposed areas of the skin.

  • Most people get it on their cheeks, chin, nose bridge, forehead, and above the upper lip.

  • It is more common in women.

  • Pregnancy is a common cause of melasma also affects women taking oral contraceptives and hormones.

  • Melasma is also called as chloasma.

  • Common triggers

  • Skin tone

  • Increased estrogen hormone

  • Pregnancy

  • Sun exposure

  • Genetics

  • Certain drugs

  • Melanocytes are the cells in skin that create melanin, these cells sometimes start to make more melanin in certain areas.

  • The excess melanin produces the dark pigmentation called melasma.

Symptoms

  • Symmetrical brown patches on skin.

  • Similar patches on both the cheeks, on forehead.

  •  pigmentation on Sun exposed areas of skin.

Do's:

  • Food rich in Vit C, E, like Citrus fruits, nuts.

  • Fresh fruits, vegetables

  • Practice pranayama, meditation to relieve stress.

Don'ts:

  • Sun exposure

  • LED screens.

  • Irritating soap

  • Birth control pills and contraceptives.

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RINGWORM

  • Ringworm is a contagious infection of the skin caused by a fungus.

  • The infection starts as a rash with tiny red pimples.

  • It is also called as Tinea corporis.

  • Ringworm is caused by a type of fungus called dermatophytes.

  • Dermatophytes attacks the skin, scalp, hair and nails.

  • This spread from

  • Human to human

  • Animal to human

  • Object to human

 

Symptoms:

  • A scaly ring-shaped area, typically on the buttocks, trunk, arms and legs.

  • Itching

  • Clear or scaly area inside the ring with a scattering of bumps whose color ranges.

  • Slightly raised, expanding rings.

  • Over lapping rings.

Types:

  • Different types of ringworm affect different parts of the body.

  •  Scalp ringworm (Tinea capitis)

  • Common in younger children

  • Body ringworm (Tinea corporis)

  • Affects children, infants, and adults.

  • Groin ringworm (Tinea cruris)

  • Common among people who sweat frequently.

  •  Tinea pedis

  • Athletes foot is a foot infection affects the skin on the soles and toes.

  • Tinea ungums

  • Infection of nail bed also called as onychomycosis.

 Do's:

  •  personal hygiene.

  •  Changing of clothes daily like socks

  •  Hand wash

  • Early morning sunlight exposure.

  • Dry the skin gently

  • Wear loose fitting cloths

  • Always dry properly the folds and areas between the toes

Don'ts:

  • Sharing of combs, clothing, towels and footwear.

  •  person with ringworm should not scratch affected areas.

  •  walking outside with barefoot.

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 VITILIGO

  • Vitiligo is a skin disease that causes loss of skin color in patches.

  • This skin disease develops when melanocytes, the skin cells that produce melanin, the chemical that gives skin its color are destroyed by the body immune system.

  • Vitiligo begins on the hands, forearms, feet, and face but can develop on any part of the body.

  • It begins with a small white patch that may spread big, also larger patches that continue to widen, may stay for someplace for years.

  • Causes still not specific, but some according to person history.

  • Autoimmune disorder

  •  Genetic factor

  • Neurogenic factor

  •  Self destruction

  •  Physical and mental stress

  • Burn or injury.

Symptoms:

  •  White patches on hands, feet, arms, and face

  • Hairs turns white, where ski…

 Types:

  •  Generalized

  • It is a common type; the patches appear on different places of the body.

  • Segmental

  • It is restricted to one side of the body, such as the hands and face.

  • Mucosal

  • This affects mucous membrane of the mouth.

  •  universal

  • It is rare type of vitiligo, where maximum skin of the body has pigmentation.

Do's:

  • Diet rich in Vit B12, folic acid, minerals like zinc, iron.

  • Food like green leafy vegetables, nuts, beans and lentils.

  •  walking outside in early morning sunlight

  •  Practice pranayama Naadi shuddhi, Bhramari, Kapalabhati to improve immunity to maintain healthy melanocytes.

Don'ts

  • Smoking, alcohol

  • Exposure to sharp sunlight

  • Intake of curd at night

  •  Viruddhaahaara

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DERMATITIS

  • Derma means skin, itis means inflammation. Dermatitis is the information of the skin.

  • Mainly 3 types of Dermatitis

  • Atopic Dermatitis

  • seborrhoeic Dermatitis

  • Contact Dermatitis

  • This condition causes redness, scaly patches and dandruff.

  • It is a chronic form of eczema that most often affects the scalp.

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SEBORRHOEIC DERMATITIS

  • Seborrhoeic Dermatitis is a skin condition or relapsing form of dermatitis that mainly affects the sebaceous gland rich regions of the scalp, face, trunk and back.

  • Seborrhoeic Dermatitis can affect people of any age, most common in infants and adults, more common in males.

  • Causes:

  • Over production of oil

  • Malassezia, a type of yeast that naturally occurs in skin oil. It sometimes causes over production of oil and lead to seborrheic Dermatitis.

  • Stress

  •  Pollution, Unhygienic skin, strong soaps.

  •  Hormonal changes

  • Dandruff is a common characteristic of Seborrheic Dermatitis, causes powdery pieces of dead skin.

Symptoms:

  • Flaking skin (dandruff) on scalp, hair, eyebrows, beard, moustache.

  •  Red scales on skin

  • Crusty yellow scales on infant’s head (cradle cap), goes itself.

  • Blepharitis (scaly redness on the edges of eyelids)

  •  Flaky patches on skin.

Do's

  • Skin hygiene

  • soften and Remove scale from hairs

  •  Fruits, vit E rich foods.

Don'ts

  • Bread, cheese, alcohol

  •  white sugar

  • Stress

  • Strong soap, detergent,  

  •      cosmetics

  • Fried and fat food

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CONTACT DERMATITIS

  • Contact Dermatitis is the rashes on the skin or irritation by touching something, it can cause allergic reaction.

  • This rashes are not contagious. It is individual skin reaction to external objects such as cosmetics, perfumes, jewelry, plants. The rash  

  • Often shows up with in day of exposure.

  • Identification of causative or triggering factors is very important in this condition.

Symptoms:

  •  Rashes with Itching.

  •  leathery patches on dark skin (hyper pigmentation)

  •  Dry cracks, scaly on white skin.

  •  Bump, blister, sometimes oozing and crusting.

  • Contact Dermatitis rashes go away in two to three weeks. If exposure to triggering factors or allergens, rashes may return.

Do's:

  •  Apply cool wet compress

  • To find out allergen or triggering factors for skin rashes.

  • Fruits and vegetables intake

  • Stay away from contact with triggering factors.

Don'ts:

  • Harsh soap or detergent

  •  Hair dyes

  • Certain plants Contact

  •  Exposure to specific allergens or irritants that causes skin reaction.

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ATOPIC DERMATITIS ( ECZEMA)

  • ATOPIC DERMATITIS is a type of eczema, eczema refers to a case of dermatitis.
  • Derma means skin, itis means inflammation. Dermatitis is the inflammation of the skin. Atopic is genetic deposition to develop allergic reaction.
  • Atopic Dermatitis is a pruritic (itching) inflammatory skin condition that causes dry, itchy, and inflamed skin.
  • It affects people of all ages from newborn to 65 years of age.
  • Atopic Dermatitis is one among chronic diseases of the skin.
  • It is not contagious.

Symptoms:

  • Dry, cracked skin.
  •  Itchiness (Pruritis)
  •  Rash on swollen skin, that varies in color depending upon on skin.
  • Small raises bumps
  • Oozing and crusting
  •  Thickened skin.
  • Skin become raw, sensitive, after scratching, more itching at night at the affected area.
  • Discolored spots on feet, hand, wrists, throat, chest and face.
  •  People at Atopic dermatitis are at risk of developing food allergies, hay fever, and asthma

Do's:

  •  Moisturize the skin at least twice a day.
  • Take bath daily
  •  Skin hygiene
  •  Non cleanser without chemical
  • Pat dry softly
  •  Pranayama and meditation to relieve the stress.

Don'ts:

  • Food triggers like fish, meat, milk, nuts make note which cause itching.
  •  Strong cosmetics
  •  Itching with hard things like comb or any sharp items.
  •  smoking, perfumes

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WARTS

  • Warts are small skin growth appears when skin is infected with one of the viruses of the Human Papillomavirus (HPV) family.
  • This virus triggers extra cell growth, that makes the outer layer of skin thick and hard in structure.
  • The warts can grow anywhere on skin, more commonly on feet and hand.
  • Individual person immune system responds differently to virus, not all who comes in contact with virus will get a wart.
  • If a person has cut on skin, it's easier for the virus to get in and cause warts.
  • They are contagious, spread by direct skin contact or by sharing towels.
  • Based warts on different parts of body, it is divided into different types.
  • common warts
  • common warts
  • Grow on back of finger and toes, on knee, also can appear anywhere. They are rough, thick, grainy look.
  • Planter warts:
  • Grow on soles of feet

 Flat warts:

  • Grow on face, thigh, arm. They are small flat top.
  •  Filiform warts:
  • Grow around mouth, nose, on the neck, or under chin, small, tiny tag of skin.
  • Genital warts:
  • In and around genitals.

Do's:

  • Wash your hands after treating warts.
  • Keep foot warts dry.
  • Wart’s removal.

Don'ts:

  • Rub or scratch
  • Sharing of towel
  • Sugary food